The International Diabetic Federation predicts a diabetes pandemic.
This was discussed at the All-Russian Forum under the motto “Diabetes: Time to Act!”, Held in St. Petersburg on the occasion of World Diabetes Day.
Russia’s chief endocrinologist, director of the Pediatric Endocrinology Institute, Professor Valentina Peterkova, citing data from the World Health Organization (WHO), reported that 50-180 million people in the world suffer from diabetes. After 20 years, there will be 300 million patients — twice as many as the population of Russia: the number of people with diabetes in the world doubles every 15 years. Valentina Peterkova noted that in developed countries, the death rate from diabetes ranks fourth (after deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and unnatural causes). The cost of treating diabetes and its complications reaches 10% of the total health budgets of these countries. Vice President of the International Diabetic Federation Wim Wincher added that spending on diabetes care in the countries of the world will reach $ 376 billion a year in the next few years, or 12% of total health care costs of the global population. By 2030, “planetary diabetic costs” reached almost $ 500 billion. He called the rapid increase in the number of people with diabetes the development of a pandemic.
Referring to Russia, the speakers at the forum suggested that by 2025 the number of people with diabetes in the country will exceed 10 million people – this is 8-10% of the population. “The direct costs associated with diabetes in Russia, including the cost of medicines, inpatient treatment, diagnostics, patient monitoring, health resort treatment, are estimated by experts to be more than 250 billion rubles. Indirect costs – limiting performance, premature retirement cannot be accurately counted But they can significantly exceed the costs of therapy, analysts say. Chairman of the St. Petersburg Diabetic Society Marina Shipulina said that a key factor in the prevention of diabetes mellitus is There is a warning of its most severe form – insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (AESD) in children and adults. “In addition to systematically organized sanitary and educational events, special schools for teaching children and adults in each district of the megalopolis, we plan to undertake screening tests to identify people who have a certain risk. to get sick with the AIDs,” said Marina Shipulina. Such activities, as doctors hope, will help reduce the likelihood of the disease and, consequently, “eliminate the cost of expensive medications.” For the treatment of such patients, about 4 million rubles are spent per patient per year. Screening among children includes, first of all, a survey of those who have close relatives with TING, as well as children who have had viral infections (rubella, mumps). It is also planned to monitor insulin-dependent patients in order to prevent late complications of diabetes, which are the main cause of early disability and premature death.
Meanwhile, Peter Solberg, chairman of the board of directors of the pharmaceutical company Novo Nordics, told journalists at the forum that “his company plans to build a modern enterprise for the production of highly purified insulin in Russia in accordance with Western standards.” “The idea of the insulin enterprise project was prompted by a discussion at one of the November meetings of the Russian government, where, in particular, it was about a shortage of pharmaceutical facilities in your country,” said Peter. According to him, at the first stage, sites for a future pharmaceutical plant will be considered. Yaroslavl, Kaluga and Tver regions.At the same time, other variants of territories are not excluded, variations of time periods are possible.However, this does not mean that the project will be bracketed or will remain completely unimplemented eril it.
Within the framework of the World Diabetes Day, which traditionally has been celebrated since 1991 in honor of the Nobel laureate Frederick Grant Banting, a Canadian physiologist and doctor, one of the discoverers of the hormone insulin, the action called the Blue Circle (the brand of the relevant UN program). As part of the action on the coast of the Gulf of Finland in front of the Park Inn Baltic Hotel, the participants and guests of the forum, expressing solidarity with hundreds of millions of people with diabetes, formed a huge circle under the opened blue umbrellas – a sign symbol of the UN resolution on diabetes. In the evening, a special blue highlight was lit on the facade of the hotel as a sign of support for the international movement against diabetes.