Diabetic crisis is the general name for pathology in diabetes mellitus, acute complications of diabetes. Distinguish between: hypoglycemic diabetic crisis
(hypoglycemic coma) and hyperglycemic diabetic crisis (hyperglycemic coma).
A hypoglycemic diabetic crisis is a loss of consciousness from critically low blood sugar levels, since at such a sugar level, brain cells cannot perform their functions.
The patient and relatives of the patient, in order to prevent such a condition, should be trained in the use of GLUCAGON (glycogen) – a first aid drug for severe hypoglycemia.
Patients with diabetes should do everything possible to rule out any possibility of severe hypoglycemia.
To do this, they must:
measure blood sugar regularly;
control that blood glucose does not fall below 4 mmol / l;
always have FAST CARBOHYDRATES with you to take (DEXTRO4 – dextrose ), sugar in tubes or gels).
Hyperglycemic diabetic crisis – loss of consciousness due to critically high blood sugar levels. It should be noted that everyone has a different threshold (from 16 to 35 mmol / L), but according to international standards, a condition is considered critically dangerous when a diabetes test shows that the blood sugar level exceeds 16 mmol / L.
If a patient has gone through the “diabetes school” and measures blood sugar at least once a day, he can completely avoid this formidable state. Recall: blood sugar should be measured from 1 to 6 times a day, depending on the degree and severity of diabetes.