Dry mouth with type 2 diabetes: causes

Many people with diabetes mellitus constantly experience dry mouth, which is accompanied by intense thirst, excessive urination and constant hunger. This pathological condition is called xerostomia and can appear even for no reason.

Most patients do not know how to behave in such a situation. Is it okay to drink as much water as you want, or should there be some limits?

Why is dry mouth one of the symptoms of diabetes?

The thing is that this element does not remain permanently in the blood, but after a while it is excreted in the urine. A certain number of water molecules are attracted to each glucose molecule, which leads to dehydration of the body.

This state of the body requires immediate complex therapy. Treatment includes the use of hypoglycemic drugs. It is important to continuously monitor your glucose level with a glucometer.

What does dry mouth mean?

The production of saliva occurs with the help of carbohydrate compounds, and the lack of these elements leads to the appearance of such a symptom as dry mouth. The lack of carbohydrate compounds indicates not only the presence of diabetes.
There are several reasons for the development of dry mouth, which are associated with a violation of certain chemical processes in the body:

  • Diseases of the pancreas.
  • Infectious diseases.
  • Oral cavity pathologies.
  • Certain foods and alcoholic beverages.
  • Allergy medications, antidepressants, and cold medications.
  • Some surgeries and chemotherapy.

Other causes of xerostomia are associated with dehydration after exercise and smoking. Pregnancy also causes dry mouth due to changes in hormonal levels. In the presence of such a symptom during the 1-3 semester, it is recommended to donate blood for sugar, since there are high risks of developing diabetes mellitus.

This symptom during pregnancy should not worry a woman with a normal blood sugar level, since it can be eradicated by starting to consume a little more fluid than before.

How to eradicate xerostomia?

It is impossible to completely get rid of such manifestations of diabetes mellitus. It is impossible to completely get rid of such manifestations of diabetes mellitus, since after a while, xerostomia returns.

  1. The most effective treatment for diabetes is the use of insulin medications. With their help, you can achieve the normalization of blood sugar levels, and, accordingly, reduce the signs of the disease. 
  2. Drinking is an effective method of dealing with xerostomia. It is important to remember that with diabetes mellitus, the amount of fluid consumed should not exceed 6-9 glasses. If a person drinks less than 2 glasses of liquid per day, then he has a risk of disease progression. When the liver becomes dehydrated, it begins to produce huge amounts of sugar. This is due to the fact that a lack of the hormone vasopressin is formed in the body, which controls the level of this element in the blood.

With diabetes mellitus, the following drinks are allowed:

  • Mineral water (medical and table water) is a recommended remedy to combat dry mouth with diabetes. Contains a sufficient amount of substances useful for the body. With diabetes, you should drink mineral water, releasing gases from it.
  • Juices (freshly squeezed) – it is recommended to drink only fresh, low-calorie juices, which contain a small amount of carbohydrates. The most useful are tomato and lemon juices. Blueberry juice helps to reduce blood sugar levels. Potato juice should be used as a medicinal drink, and pomegranate juice should be used during periods of exacerbation of the disease.
  • Tea (chamomile, green, blueberry leaves) are drinks that every diabetic needs.
  • Milk drinks (yogurt, fermented baked milk, milk, kefir, yogurt) – it is allowed to consume milk drinks with a fat content of no more than 1.5% and then only after consulting your doctor.

Only with the right approach to treatment measures in the fight against diabetes mellitus can you prevent or get rid of symptoms such as dry mouth. Xerostomia is not only an unpleasant symptom of the disease, but is also a serious reason for the development of glossitis. That is why one should not ignore such symptoms and, at initial manifestations, consult a specialist. Only a doctor can diagnose and prescribe the safest and most effective treatment.

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