Diabetes mellitus is a fairly common disease today, which cannot be left to chance, but must be carefully monitored. There are two types of diabetes, depending on the mechanism of its occurrence. The most common is acquired type 2 diabetes. Of course, the presence of such a diagnosis leaves a significant imprint on the type of food, limits the list of acceptable products and the frequency of their intake. Let’s look at the features of the diet for diabetes.
With a relatively mild course of type 2 diabetes mellitus, the main method of controlling it is to follow a diet. In case of a more severe course of the disease or a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus, which is caused by pancreatic insufficiency or its resistance, dieting is purely complementary and requires constant monitoring of glucose levels in the blood and the use of insulin preparations.
For patients with diabetes, the special concept of a bread unit is introduced. This term was introduced specifically for people who are forced to receive insulin. The fact is that people with diabetes must strictly control the intake of easily digestible carbohydrates and take the appropriate amount of insulin. So, one bread unit corresponds to about half a glass of buckwheat porridge, an apple, or several prunes. Daily consumption rate: 19-25 bread units. One bread unit corresponds to two units of the required insulin. Thus, the patient recounts all consumed carbohydrates and quickly makes an approximate calculation of the body’s need for insulin.
Of course, the main requirement of the diet for people with diabetes is a balanced intake of protein, fat, carbohydrates. Strictly according to the needs of the body. It is forbidden to take sweets, honey, sweets, sugar, spicy, smoked, dried, peppered, alcoholic products, grapes, raisins and some others. Consumption of other products must be carefully monitored.