How to recognize diabetes? Symptoms of Diabetes

In our youth, we don’t really think about diseases , and therefore it seems to us that only those who consume large quantities of cakes, pastries, chocolate, sweets and other sweets are at risk of developing diabetes. In fact, it is not the excess of sweet in the diet that leads to the development of diabetes, but the obesity and excess weight that all people who have an inactive lifestyle have, do not limit themselves in the consumption of refined and high-calorie foods. 

Obesity is one of the main factors that leads to the development of type 2 diabetes. At the same time, those who love fatty foods and flour products are more at risk for diabetes than those who abuse sweets. Statistics show that 60% of overweight people inevitably develop diabetes and most of all among them are fat people with obesity in the abdomen. Unfortunately, diabetes is a diagnosis of a lifetime, today it is incurable. To delay the complications of this insidious disease, you need to start the treatment of diabetes in a timely manner by contacting an endocrinologist. With proper treatment, the life of patients with diabetes is practically no different from the life of a healthy person. 

Diabetes develops due to impaired carbohydrate metabolism and water in the body. There are diabetes mellitus of the first and second type. They differ in that the first type of diabetes is most often congenital and diagnosed in childhood, and type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs in people over 40, who are mostly overweight. Patients with diabetes mellitus of the first type are called insulin-dependent, the cause of the development of the disease in this case is insufficient insulin production in the pancreas.  

The number of patients with diabetes mellitus doubles annually , among them patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus is only 10-15%, and in other cases type II diabetes is diagnosed, which develops due to a violation of the effects of insulin on the tissue. Symptoms of diabetes mellitus of the second type do not appear immediately, often diabetes is determined randomly by analysis of urine and blood. The most important reason for the development of type 2 diabetes is an incorrect lifestyle and overeating. Of course, everyone who has a hereditary predisposition to the disease, suffering from pancreatic diseases and impaired carbohydrate metabolism in the body automatically falls into the risk group for diabetes . Nervous stress and infectious diseases can provoke diabetes.    

To recognize diabetes in the initial stage of the development of the disease, you need to know the signs of its manifestation. The first symptom characteristic of diabetes is thirst. If you or your child feel a constant dry mouth, this should alert you. In diabetes, thirst cannot be quenched with a sip of water; at a time, patients can drink more than 200 ml of liquid. This is due to the fact that with diabetes, the glucose level increases and the blood becomes thick. To liquefy it, the hypothalamus (part of the brain) gives a signal that causes a feeling of thirst. Therefore, patients with diabetes constantly experience dry mouth and drink a lot.  

With the regular occurrence of thirst , you need to urgently take a blood test and check the sugar content in it. Normally, the fasting blood sugar level should not exceed 6.6 mmol / liter, and with a blood sugar content of 8.8 mmol / liter, diabetes can be diagnosed by urine analysis. The presence of sugar in urine can be determined using test strips. 

Rapid urination and fatigue when walking can also signal the development of diabetes. Abundant urination is caused by a sharp increase in the amount of fluid consumed, and fatigue is the result of hormonal and metabolic disorders, which lead to a malfunction of the cardiovascular system. Due to the increase in blood sugar and blood thickening, blood circulation is disturbed and the blood hardly reaches the extremities. Therefore, any tingling and numbness of the fingertips, cramps in the calf muscles and heaviness in the legs should not be ignored, they can signal the development of diabetes. Untimely treatment of diabetes is fraught with serious complications, the most common of which are trophic ulcers on the legs, which can lead to amputation of the lower limb. In diabetes mellitus, compliance with all the endocrinologist’s instructions is very important, because 80% of patients with this disease die from strokes, heart attacks, severe renal failure and gangrene.  

Type 2 diabetes is sneaking up on the sly , at first there is rapid fatigue, impaired attention, blurred vision, and regular headaches. Many simply ignore all these symptoms, attributing all this to the consequences of vitamin deficiency, lack of sleep and exercise. In diabetes mellitus, all these phenomena are supplemented by an increase in appetite, the appearance of a feeling of thirst and frequent urination. In addition, diabetes can be recognized by the manifestation of symptoms such as dryness and itching of the skin, a prolonged course of infectious diseases and a weakening of sexual activity. If you do not miss all of these symptoms and immediately contact an endocrinologist, then with the right treatment tactics you can avoid the complications of diabetes and do not resort to insulin therapy.   

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