As you know, there are two different types of diabetes mellitus.
The first type is insulin-dependent. It occurs when a person has a decreased production of insulin.
The second type is insulin – independent . This disease sometimes develops even in people with an excess of insulin in the blood.
If a person is healthy, then his pancreas constantly increases the production of insulin in response to an increase in blood glucose levels and decreases when it decreases. After food containing carbohydrates enters the body, the blood is enriched with glucose. In response to this, the pancreas begins to produce additional amounts of insulin. If the pancreas does not cope with its task (it cannot produce the required amount of insulin), the patient must help his body himself. To do this, he must follow certain rules that differ depending on the type of diabetes.
Let’s take a closer look at how to treat type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus.
To date, the only treatment for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is insulin injections. Modern scientific researchers in many countries around the world are actively looking for new ways of administering insulin instead of injections. But at the moment, each of the proposed methods has significant drawbacks. So, if you introduce insulin in diabetes mellitus by drip through the nasal mucosa, it is very difficult to determine the amount of insulin that entered the bloodstream. There are no pill forms of insulin yet.
People with type 2 diabetes must regulate their blood sugar levels by following a balanced diet and exercise regimen. In this way, they will be able to reduce their weight and completely eliminate pills. This is why the first thing a patient diagnosed with type 2 diabetes should do is to start controlling their weight. Diet scales DS 81 and the book “Diabetes. Rational and varied nutrition “by AD Parkhomenko.
If the level of glucose in the blood remains unsatisfactory even with the observance of the diet, the patients are prescribed hypoglycemic drugs for diabetes mellitus.
In any case, from the very first days of the disease, the patient should be aware of what he needs to do in order to avoid the complications of diabetes mellitus and turn it from a disease into a special way of life.