The signs of diabetes in women are mostly similar to those in men. But the incidence rate of the second type of diabetes in women is double that of the latter. This is due to the characteristics of the female body, which is prone to accumulation of fat reserves, especially in the abdominal region. It is abdominal obesity over time that can lead to a violation of carbohydrate metabolism and the development of diabetes. In addition, hormonal changes in the body, characteristic of pregnancy and menopause, are an additional risk factor for the development of the disease.
Specific signs of diabetes in women
Despite the fact that the symptoms of diabetes in men and women are similar, there are specific signs that are characteristic only for women.
The fact is that diabetes violates the intimate microflora and provokes the development of fungal infections and vulvovaginitis. These diseases are initially amenable to traditional therapy, but continue to recur. The spread of infection contributes to the gradual formation of cervical erosion.
Indirect signs of diabetes in women are related to reproductive problems associated with ovarian dysfunction and lack of ovulation.
Excessive synthesis of insulin stimulates the production of testosterone in the ovaries, in connection with which women have an irregular menstrual cycle, facial skin becomes oily, and acne appears.
A special form of diabetes in women is gestational diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. The reason for its occurrence is hormonal restructuring and a change in the sensitivity of cells to insulin, the production of which is not disturbed.
Symptoms of diabetes in women with this form of the disease are often absent, or are attributed to physiological changes in the body that are characteristic of pregnancy. In fact, they are typical of any type of diabetes: intense thirst with a feeling of dry mouth and excessive fluid intake, frequent and profuse urination, fungal infections.
In order not to miss the presence and development of the disease, all pregnant women, when registering in the antenatal clinic, must donate blood for glucose, and a tolerance test is prescribed in the period of 24-28 weeks. According to modern medical standards, even a single increase in blood sugar above the permissible limit for pregnant women (5.1 mmol / l) indicates the presence of a disease and requires treatment. In most cases, gestational diabetes disappears spontaneously after childbirth. However, during pregnancy, it is necessary to monitor blood glucose indicators and take measures to normalize them. Treatment of diabetes mellitus of pregnant women is important both for the condition of the woman herself and for the normal bearing of pregnancy and the birth of a healthy baby .