You have to reject your favorite foods and choose something that did not seem so tasty before. However, today there are many ways to please yourself, even if the diagnosis turned out to be frightening.
A sharp increase in blood glucose levels is fraught with coma – which is why diabetics should not eat foods that provoke this increase. Among them are desserts with sugar or molasses.
The two forms of diabetes are caused by different internal processes in the body. So, in the first type, insulin is not produced by the pancreas, so diabetics have to inject themselves with the missing hormone. The second type is characterized by insufficient production or the body’s immunity to insulin. In this case, injections do not help. What can diabetics do with type 2 is on the list of prohibited foods for type 1 diabetics. It is best to rely on individual consultation with your doctor. Obesity is a separate issue, because in this case, the list of allowed treats may be further reduced.
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Can diabetics have sweets?
An ailment such as diabetes significantly affects the daily routine, diet and lifestyle of the patient in general. It is not easy to get used to this, and it is even more difficult to forget about the sweets that you used to enjoy. The use of sweets for diabetes mellitus is permissible, but – of certain varieties and in very small doses. In addition, it is required to strictly follow other recommendations:
- Avoid stress;
- Adhere to the correct meal schedule;
- Don’t forget about walking;
- Introduce regular exercise;
- Travel, etc.
The diabetic should always have a small piece of candy, chocolate or lump sugar with him, as this will quickly stop hypoglycemia if it happens. But this cannot be abused.
Hypoglycemia and its symptoms
Every diabetic should immediately determine the moment when a small amount of sweets should be eaten. Life often depends on it. Symptoms:
- Limb tremor;
- Increased sweating;
- Sharp hunger;
- Blurred vision, turbidity and fog;
- Increased heart rate;
- Tingling sensation in the lips.
A portable blood glucose meter is a great way to always know exactly what’s going on. But when it’s not there, it’s worth trying to eat a handful of raisins, suck on a sugar cube, or otherwise raise your glucose levels. Sometimes the hypoglycemic state is caused by prolonged exposure to the injection of insulin. In this case, it will not be superfluous to use a product corresponding to 1-2 XE: a slice of roll or white bread, a little porridge, etc.
How to choose a treat
When choosing sweets, you have to simultaneously analyze several indicators and carefully study the composition. The most important points:
- Glycemic index – shows how quickly carbohydrates are broken down, provoking a jump in blood sugar;
- The amount of carbohydrates and fats;
- Amount of sugar, sucrose or fruit sugar.
There are special tables for calculating the glycemic index of different foods. Usually in large supermarkets there is a specialized department where you can pick up a delicacy created without sugar – on fructose or sugar substitutes. However, in this case, one cannot immediately acquire what seemed tempting. It is safest to consult with your doctor. Definitely prohibited for every type of diabetes:
- Cream cakes;
- Butter rolls;
- Preserves and jams;
- Fatty cookies;
- Chocolate candies.
Type 1 diabetes means completely avoiding sugar-containing foods.
In type 1 diabetes, it is mandatory to exclude:
- Sugar juices;
- Fruit drinks;
- Margarine cookies;
- Any cakes and pastries;
- Honey and honey products;
- Jam, jam.
Sweets are replaced by foods with fiber and complex carbohydrates, which are digested slowly and contribute to an extremely slow rise in glucose levels. When sugar cravings are overwhelming, doctors recommend:
- There are dried fruits (in very small quantities);
- Use products from the dietary department;
- Eat sugar-free sweets or pies;
- Replace sugar with stevia.
Most sugary treats are best cooked on your own so you know exactly how much sugar is in them. If the products contain starch, then they should be treated with caution, this substance increases the amount of glucose in the blood. Diabetics with type 2 diabetes can eat a small amount of sweets in the morning. In this case, the following are excluded from the diet:
- Sugar baked goods;
- Sweet yoghurts with fruit pieces;
- Condensed milk;
- Preserves and jams;
- High GI fruits (bananas, grapes);
- Compotes and juices with sugar and sweet fruits;
- fruit drinks.
You can replace treats with diabetes mellitus:
- Jelly on xylitol;
The amount is always strictly controlled, since a verified diet significantly improves the patient’s condition. Insulin-dependent diabetics most often can use dried fruits, some types of sweets, ice cream, cakes and pastries prepared with sweeteners. With the second type, diabetics can do all of the above, plus sometimes ice cream equal to 1 bread unit can be added to the diet. This is usually a standard buttercream with no fillers or additives. Popsicles are most often prohibited by doctors, they contain fruits and sugar syrup, which is completely unsuitable for diabetics.
Sweeteners significantly help to reduce the craving for sweets in diabetes. Diabetics are allowed:
- Fructose (no more than 50 grams per day);
- Xylitol (E967);
- Glycyrrhizin – produced from licorice root (E958), this sweetener is sweeter than regular sugar;
- Sorbitol (E420).
If a blood sugar test is to be done, food should not be eaten eight hours before, and sweet foods, even with sweeteners, are not recommended to be eaten twelve hours before the test.
Stevia is another naturally occurring sweetener. It has a specific taste, but it does not harm diabetics. The plant extract is often added to diet meals.
Simple recipes for homemade treats
You need to start with the ingredients, since diabetics can far from everything that makes up a familiar dessert:
- Flour – any flour except wheat;
- Fruits and berries – low carbohydrate load, sour;
- Milk and dairy products – only low in fat;
- Spices in moderation;
- Sugar substitutes;
Vanillin is considered the best supplement, it normalizes blood pressure and has a positive effect on serotonin levels. Excluded from recipes:
- White flour;
- Dairy products with high fat content;
- Condensed milk;
- Sweet fruits.
The diabetic must take into account all sweets and delicacies in full in his personal food diary. This will help control the diet and prevent the condition from getting worse.
Several simple and tasty recipes for diabetics.
You will need: oatmeal, one egg, about 150 grams of cottage cheese (low-fat), salt to taste. The resulting dough is laid out in a form previously lined with parchment or foil. Pieces of apricots or peaches are neatly stacked on top, with the skin down. It is baked in the oven until tender.
You will need: water, about 250 grams of fruits or berries, 4 tablets of sweetener, up to 100 grams of low-fat sour cream, 10 grams of gelatin. While the gelatin dissolves in cold water, the fruit is mashed with a blender, a sweetener is added to the sour cream and whipped. Then all the components are combined and mixed until smooth, poured into molds and left in the freezer for an hour.
You will need: two glasses of oatmeal, a third of a glass of low-fat kefir, two eggs, two large tablespoons of olive oil, three glasses of non-white flour, baking powder, sweetener and salt to taste, blueberries. Previously, oatmeal is poured with kefir and insisted for about half an hour. Then flour, baking powder is added there. Beat eggs with sweetener and salt separately. The berries are added to the dough. The cupcake is baked in the oven.
Jam for diabetics
You will need: a kilogram of berries, one and a half glasses of water, lemon juice, one and a half kilograms of sorbitol. First, the syrup is cooked – you need lemon juice and about 750 grams of sorbitol. Berries are required to pour syrup for five hours. After that, you need to cook the jam itself for about half an hour over low heat. After this time, the jam is infused for about two hours. Next, the remaining sorbitol is added, cooking continues until complete cooking.
Pumpkin with cottage cheese
You will need: pumpkin and three apples, 60 grams of nuts, an egg, two hundred grams of cottage cheese. Pumpkin is preliminarily freed from pulp and seeds, apples – from peel and seeds. Chopped in a blender or grated. Nuts are ground in a mill or grinded with a mortar, cottage cheese is rubbed through a sieve or kneaded with a fork. Cottage cheese and apples are mixed with an egg, pumpkin is filled with the mass and sent to the oven for two hours.
You will need: sweetener, half a glass of yogurt (home or culinary, without sugar and fillers), a glass of berries (blueberries, lingonberries, cranberries). The ingredients are mixed with a blender, the resulting mass is sent to the freezer. An hour later, you need to mix it with a blender again. After that, you can leave the sorbet to freeze.
You will need: five large spoons of hibiscus, a glass of water, a package of gelatin, a sweetener. Hibiscus is poured with boiling water and insisted for up to half an hour, then the liquid is filtered. A sweetener is added to it. Gelatin is soaked to swell. The liquid with sugar is boiled and mixed with it, after which it is poured into molds and cooled.
Obese diabetics can hardly afford sweet pastries, even those that are allowed for other patients. However, there are recipes for them.
Bagels with cottage cheese nuts
You will need: 150 grams of oat flour, 200 grams of cottage cheese, sweetener, two yolks and the white of one egg, 60 grams of nuts, baking powder, three large spoons of melted butter. The dough is kneaded from flour with cottage cheese and eggs. It requires settling for half an hour in the refrigerator. After it is rolled out and future bagels are formed. The top of each is required to be smeared with yolk and sprinkled with nuts. In the oven, the bagels are baked until golden brown.
Cookie cottage cheese cake
Required: 150 grams of cottage cheese, about 200 ml of milk, a pack of cookies, sweetener and lemon zest. The cottage cheese is wiped through a sieve, sugar substitute is added. The resulting mixture is divided into two parts, in one you need to add the previously obtained zest, in the second – a little vanillin. A layer of crushed cookies soaked in milk is laid on a prepared dish. Above – curd mass with zest. Then again a layer of cookies and a second portion of cottage cheese. The entire surface is coated with the remains of the curd mass and sprinkled with cookie crumbs. The cake is sent to the refrigerator to infuse. There is an opinion that the consumption of a large amount of sweets by a healthy person causes the disease, but diabetes does not appear exactly like that. Overweight and poor functioning of the pancreas become the prerequisites for the disruption of carbohydrate metabolism in the body . So, it is important to form the correct diet, but this is not the only factor affecting the development of the disease.