Symptoms of diabetes mellitus in different categories of people

Given the stressful rhythm of life and the extreme employment of Internet users, for convenience, we have collected in this article all the initial signs of diabetes (before going to a doctor and before laboratory tests), depending on its types and categories. After reading these signs, a person will focus on them and realize the need to see a doctor as soon as possible. More detailed descriptions, complications, methods of prevention and treatment are contained in separate articles on our website.

Type I diabetes mellitus:

  • chronic fatigue;
  • constant thirst (the volume of fluid you drink reaches 5-7 liters per day);
  • frequent urge to urinate (especially at night);
  • unexplained weight loss with increased appetite;
  • the smell of acetone from the mouth;
  • causeless itching;
  • visual disturbances;
  • depletion of the body.

Type II diabetes mellitus:

  • general fatigue;
  • constant thirst (the volume of fluid you drink can reach 3-5 liters per day);
  • frequent urge to urinate (especially at night);
  • memory impairment;
  • visual disturbances;
  • weight loss without dieting and other apparent reasons;
  • itching of the skin, the appearance of irritations and ulcers;
  • poorly healing wounds, especially in the area of ​​the foot.

Diabetes mellitus in pregnant women

Signs of diabetes in pregnant women are no different from signs of type I and II diabetes in normal people. Only because of the altered hormonal background or early toxicosis, the manifestations of diabetes in women during pregnancy can be more striking.

Diabetes mellitus in children:

  • general weakness;
  • irritability;
  • capriciousness;
  • poor sleep;
  • low physical activity;
  • losing weight with good appetite;
  • bed-wetting;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • little weight gain or excessive weight gain;
  • frequent urination;
  • plentiful drink;
  • deterioration in school performance.

Diabetes mellitus in newborns:

  • insufficient weight gain with good appetite;
  • anxiety, tearfulness, moodiness;
  • constant thirst;
  • frequent excretion of urine (the daily amount can reach 2 liters);
  • an unusual type of urine (it sticks, leaves peculiar spots on the diaper);
  • diaper rash, inflammation of the skin in the genital area (girls – vulvitis , boys – inflammation of the foreskin).

Diabetes insipidus:

  • poor appetite;
  • losing weight;
  • frequent urination (more than 7 times a day);
  • polyuria (an increase in the daily volume of excreted urine – up to 4-10, sometimes up to 20-30 liters), polyuria persists even in a state of dehydration;
  • insatiable thirst, consumption of large amounts of fluids, sometimes equal to that lost in the urine;
  • dry skin;
  • decreased function of sweat and salivary glands;
  • dehydration;
  • vomiting;
  • headache;
  • lowering blood pressure;
  • neurological disorders;
  • weakening of potency in men and menstrual dysfunction in women.

If you ever meet someone who promises to cure your diabetes, run away from him – this is a scammer and a charlatan! There is no cure for diabetes because it is incurable! What people think of as treatment is actually compensation and consists in lowering blood sugar levels and keeping them close to normal in a healthy person (3.3–5.5 mmol / L). If we stop trying to stabilize blood glucose and let the disease take its course, it will lead to constantly high blood sugar levels, and as a result – hyperglycemic coma, and then death. Therefore, diabetes compensation is recommended.

Lack of compensation will lead to complications:

  • diabetic retinopathy (damage to the retina of the eyeball);
  • myocardial infarction;
  • stroke;
  • polyneuropathy ;
  • nephropathy (kidney damage);
  • lesions of the heart and blood vessels;
  • non-healing wounds (especially in the area of ​​the foot), gangrene;
  • atherosclerosis of the arteries;
  • hypoglycemic coma;
  • hyperglycemic coma;
  • ketoacidosis .

Complications of diabetes are also not cured. It is impossible to get rid of them, since they are cumulative (cumulative) in nature. Every day, lived with increased blood glucose, the walls of blood vessels thicken more and more and lose their elasticity, and this negatively affects all organs and systems. Therefore, the treatment of complications is aimed exclusively at compensation, stabilization of the condition for the sake of maintaining efficiency and quality of life.

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