Before diagnosing diabetes mellitus, the doctor directs the patient for blood and urine tests. If the sugar values in capillary blood on an empty stomach do not exceed 5.5 mmol / l, after a meal – 7.8 mmol / l, and there is no sugar in the urine, then the person is healthy. Otherwise, this diagnosis will be confirmed.
Of course, a person who has just learned about their illness will be upset, depressed, and possibly even angry. But in order to cope with diabetes mellitus, you need the right mental attitude. It is important to know that even a bad blood test in diabetes mellitus is not a reason for disorders, but only a kind of “push” to start active constructive actions.
A patient with diabetes mellitus is obliged to know what is happening to his body. By exercising competent self-control, he will be able to live the life he wants, despite his illness.
How to carry out self-control?
Without exception, all people suffering from the first type of diabetes mellitus must monitor blood sugar levels. For this, there are special strips, the surface of which is coated with a chemical reagent. When using them, it is important to accurately time the time using a watch with a second hand.
Also today, a test for diabetes mellitus can be done simply and quickly using a device such as a glucometer . In today’s market of medical technology gained recognition glucometers Clover Check, Contour of the TS, UanTachSelektSmpl , Entrast , ayChek and so on. Thanks to usability of these devices is the leader among all existing in our time self-monitoring tools.
As for patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, they should monitor urinary sugar levels using reactive test strips. Such a test for diabetes should be carried out 1.5-2 hours after a meal. If sugar appears in the urine after eating, it means that the person has failed to establish a correct lifestyle, including physical activity, a low-calorie diet. In particularly difficult situations, people with type 2 diabetes must also measure their blood glucose levels.
For diabetic patients, it is important to measure blood glucose both after meals and on an empty stomach; day and night. In addition, once every 90 days, such people must be tested for the level of glycated hemoglobin (HBA1c). Based on its results, the average blood glucose level is determined over the past 2-3 months. With this diabetes test, you can find out how effective has been the compensation of diabetes mellitus in recent years, the disease needs increased control.